Clinical Research

MealEnders are validated by a clinical study and are backed by extensive research on behavioral and sensory science related to dietetics and weight management. Learn about the results of the MealEnders Clinical Study conducted by the Stanford University School of Medicine. Or, read about the various published research findings that explain the science behind why and how MealEnders work to help you avoid overeating, curb snacking and practice mindful, portion-controlled eating.

Results of Clinical Study of the Effects of MealEnders

MealEnders Can Significantly Reduce Calorie Intake without Increased Hunger.

  • In a clinical study conducted by Stanford School of Medicine’s Nutrition Studies Group, MealEnders use reduced participants’ intake by an average of 231 calories/day.
  • The consumption decrease was sustained after participants were no longer using MealEnders, suggesting that use of the lozenges has a lasting effect on eating behavior.
  • Participants did not report an increase in hunger despite consuming fewer calories. In fact, the data suggested participants were slightly less hungry and expended slightly more energy during the day.

MealEnders Can Promote Mindful Eating

Study participants exhibited greater mindfulness on three questionnaires used in the Stanford MealEnders study.

  • 88.2% of clinical study participants agreed that they were more mindful about their eating while using MealEnders when asked via a questionnaire developed by the Stanford researchers.
  • 61.8% of users experienced an increase in their overall level of mindfulness after using MealEnders based on responses to the Philadelphia Mindfulness Questionnaire (with a statistically significant change in self-awareness observed).
  • Results from all segments of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) suggest changes in the direction of greater mindfulness.

MealEnders Can Help People Exercise More Restraint in their Eating Behavior

  • MealEnders helped 79.4% of clinical study participants to practice restraint in their eating habits and limit their food intake to meet their weight management goals (i.e., “cognitive restraint”).
  • Stanford researchers concluded that MealEnders significantly increased users’ cognitive restraint between the pre- and post-intervention stages (with significance at p<0.01, indicating a high level of confidence).

MealEnders Can Help Reduce the Tendency to Overeat Due to Emotional or Food Triggers

  • 76.5% of clinical study participants experienced lower disinhibition levels (tendency to overeat in the presence of appetizing foods or as a result of an emotional trigger) after using MealEnders.
  • 67.6% of participants reported that their tendency to eat because of boredom, stress, or frustration was reduced while using MealEnders.

Study Participants Reported That MealEnders…

  • Help reduce consumption of unhealthy desserts and snacks
  • Lead to healthier eating patterns

Source: Offringa, L., Casimire, A., & Gardner, C., Stanford Prevention Research Center. Report on the Study of the Effect of MealEnders on Food Intake in Adults , August 2017.

The Science Behind MealEnders

MealEnders Are Supported By Published Clinical Studies on Weight Regulation

MealEnders Help with Portion Control, a Proven Strategy for Weight Loss

MealEnders can support portion control efforts by helping to bring closure to the eating experience at the right time and by training the mind and body to recognize appropriate portion sizes over time.

In the MealEnders clinical study conducted by Stanford, 76.5% of participants agreed that MealEnders reminded them to stop eating after a meal or snack, 73.5% reported that MealEnders helped them avoid eating between meals, and 79.4% conveyed that they at some point used MealEnders as a healthy alternative to dessert. Thus, MealEnders can help with portion control in various ways and times of day.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders: Small Treat, Big Satisfaction

MealEnders provide that little dose of sweet needed to satisfy cravings and mark the end of a meal.

A full 64.7% of participants in the MealEnders clinical study reported using MealEnders as a “healthy alternative to dessert” in their first week of using the product, growing to 73.5% in the second week. In addition, 73.5% reported that the ‘end of eating cue’ provided by MealEnders helped them to stop eating.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders and the Power of Flavor

The proprietary flavor blend in MealEnders delivers a cooling, tingling sensation to the tongue that signals the brain that eating is over.

More than half of the participants in the Stanford clinical study agreed that, “MealEnders taste sensations helped signal me to stop eating”. Furthermore, 73.5% felt that using MealEnders helped them avoid eating between meals—the time when cravings tend to lead to over-consumption.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders Keep Your Mouth Busy

Mealenders lozenges keep your mouth occupied and distracted, reducing your desire and ability to eat.

In fact, 82.4% of clinical study participants agreed with the statement, “My mouth and mind were distracted enough by MealEnders to keep me from further eating this past week.”

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders Provide a Pause for Better Decision-Making

Mealenders can instill a beneficial pause and help you make healthier food choices, especially when it comes to taking seconds or selecting a dessert.

In the first week of MealEnders use during the MealEnders clinical study, 59% of participants felt that “Using MealEnders this week helped me pause to ‘switch gears’ and stop eating.” That percentage grew to 65% in the second week of using MealEnders.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders Support Mindful Eating

MealEnders can help you to practice mindful eating by bringing your attention to the tastes and sensations delivered by the lozenge. Taking a MealEnder also imposes a pause that enables you to refocus away from eating and toward your state of mind and your body’s hunger or fullness signals.

In fact, 88.2% of participants in the MealEnders clinical study reported that they were “more mindful about my eating” and 67.6% agreed that “my tendency to eat because of boredom, stress, or frustration was decreased” while using MealEnders.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

MealEnders Cue You to Form Positive Habits

MealEnders can serve as a visual and taste cue you come to associate with healthier eating behaviors, helping you to break bad habits and establish new and better routines.

This was supported by participants in the MealEnders clinical study, 73.5% of whom reported that the ‘end of eating cue’ provided by MealEnders helped them to stop eating.

See Supporting Scientific Literature

*Individual Results May Vary

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